–Ś@ŽŸ
@‘ę‚hĶ@Šī–{‚U•iŽŒ
@LESSON 1@‰¹^•¶Žš „Ÿ Œ`‘Ō‘f
@ @ų¢1-1-NT@mŒ`‘Ō‘f—LˆÓ–”“IÅ¬’PˆŹn
@ų¢1-2-NT-(A)@m•ź‰¹‚Ģ”‚ĘŽq‰¹‚Ģ”n
@ų¢1-2-NT-(B)@mÅ‚ą‰¹‘f‚Ŗ­‚Č‚¢Œ¾Œźn
@ų¢1-2-NT-(C)@mCCVŒ^‚Ģ”­‰¹n
@ų¢1-2-NT-(D)@m‚QĖŽ™‚ĢŒ`‘Ō‘f‚R‚O‚On
@ų¢1-3-NT@m‰¹’²ØˆÓ–”n
@ų¢1-4-NT@mƒXƒyƒŠƒ“ƒOn
@LESSON 2@Šg[‚Ę“]Š·
@ @ų¢2-2-NT@m‹å‚Ę‚Ķn
@ų¢2-3-NT@m•”‡Œźn
@ų¢2-4-NT-(A)@mŠg[iexpansionjn
@ų¢2-4-NT-(B)@m•¶–@ƒJƒeƒSƒŠ[n
@ų¢2-5-NT-(A)@m“]Š·n
@ų¢2-5-NT-(B)@mŠg[‚Ę“]Š·n
@ų¢2-6-NT@mŽåŒ`‘Ō‘f‚Ę•›Œ`‘Ō‘f‚Ģˆį‚¢n
@ų¢2-7-NT-(A)@m“]Š·ŽqEŠg[Žqn
@ų¢2-7-NT-(B)@m•›Œ`‘Ō‘f‚ĢŒ`F•t‰Į/“|’u/‘ć“ü/ƒ[ƒ•Ļ‰»‚Č‚Ēn
@LESSON 3@ŽåŒ`‘Ō‘f„Ÿ„Ÿ–¼ŽŒi‚mj
@ @ų¢3-1-NT@mŒÅ—L–¼ŽŒ(‚mpro)|‰ĀŽZ–¼ŽŒ(‚mc)|•s‰ĀŽZ–¼ŽŒ(‚mu)n
@ų¢3-2-NT@mŒÅ—L–¼ŽŒi‚mprojn
@ų¢3-3-NT-(A)@m‰ĀŽZ–¼ŽŒi‚mcj‚Ę•s‰ĀŽZ–¼ŽŒi‚mujn
@ų¢3-3-NT-(B)@m•s‰ĀŽZ–¼ŽŒi‚muj‚Ģ‚¢‚ė‚¢‚ėn
@ų¢3-3-NT-(C)@mpoem vs poetryn
@ų¢3-3-NT-(D)@mŽ«‘‚Ģ ‚mc‚Ę‚mun
@ų¢3-5-NT@mweather/cattle/tear/kindnessn
@ų¢3-6-NT-(A)@mPartitive Constructionn
@ų¢3-6-NT-(B)@ma pair of scissors/trousers/etc.n
@ų¢3-7-NT@mPartitive Construction? EPD?n
@LESSON 4@ŽåŒ`‘Ō‘f„Ÿ„ŸŒ`—eŽŒi‚`j
@ @ų¢4-1-NT@m–¼ŽŒ‚ĢŠg[i‚`{‚mjn
@ų¢4-3-NT-(A)@mŒć’u‚ĢŒ`—eŽŒi‚m{‚`jn
@ų¢4-3-NT-(B)@mƒnƒCƒtƒ“‚Ā‚«‚ĢŒ`—eŽŒi‚`jn
@ų¢4-4-NT@mOrderingn
@ų¢4-5-NT-(A)@m‚mH{‚m‚mn
@ų¢4-5-NT-(B)@mcompound stress patternn
@ų¢4-6-NT-(A)@m‚U’iŠK‚Ģ‚`‚Į‚Ū‚³n
@ų¢4-6-NT-(B)@m‚`{‚m/*be{‚`n
@LESSON 5@ŽåŒ`‘Ō‘f„Ÿ„Ÿ“®ŽŒi‚uj
@ @ų¢5-1-NT@m“®ģEó‘Ōn
@ų¢5-2-NT@m“®ŽŒ‰»ŽqiVZjn
@ų¢5-3-NT-(A)@mBE“®ŽŒi‚ubejn
@ų¢5-3-NT-(B)@mBE“®ŽŒi‚ubej‚Ęˆź”Ź“®ŽŒi‚ucomjn
@LESSON 6@ŽåŒ`‘Ō‘f„Ÿ„Ÿ•›ŽŒi‚`‚cj
@ @ų¢6-1-NT@m‚S‚Ā‚ß‚Ģ•¶–@ƒJƒeƒSƒŠ[n
@ų¢6-2-NT@m•›ŽŒi‚`‚cj‚ĢˆÓ–”n
@ų¢6-3-NT-(A)@m•›ŽŒi‚`‚cj‚ĢŒ`n
@ų¢6-3-NT-(B)@m-lyn
@ų¢6-4-NT-(A)@m‚`‚c‚Ģ¶‹N•Ŗ•z‚ʍģ—pˆęn
@ų¢6-4-NT-(B)@m•›ŽŒi‚`‚cj‚Ģ•Ä—p–@‚ʉp—p–@n
@ų¢6-4-NT-(C)@m•¶––‚Ģ‚`‚c:Vī•ńn
@ų¢6-4-NT-(D)@mŽg‚¢•ū‚Ģ‚Ž‚Ā‚©‚µ‚¢•›ŽŒi‚`‚cjn
@ų¢6-5-NT@mźŠ‚š•\‚·•›ŽŒ(‚`‚c)‚ĘŽž‚š•\‚·•›ŽŒ(‚`‚c)n
@LESSON 7@•›Œ`‘Ō‘f„Ÿ„ŸŠg[Žqi‚d‚o‚cj
@ @ų¢7-1-NT-(A)@m‹üÜŚŽ«‚Ę”h¶ŚŽ«n
@ų¢7-1-NT-(B)@m‹t¬n
@ų¢7-3-NT-(A)@m—įŠO“I‹K‘„Œ`n
@ų¢7-3-NT-(B)@m’Ź—įA•””/’P”‚Ę‚µ‚Ä‚µ‚©Žg‚ķ‚ź‚Č‚¢‹K‘„•””Œ`n
@ų¢7-3-NT-(C)@m•”‡Œź‚Ģ•””Œ`n
@ų¢7-4-NT@m‹K‘„•””Œ`‚Ę•s‹K‘„•””Œ`‚Ģ—¼•ū‚šŽ‚Ā‚ą‚Ģn
@ų¢7-5-NT-(A)@mthe:given info/topic@vs@a(n):new info/commentn
@ų¢7-5-NT-(B)@mspecific indefinite@vs@non-specific indefiniten
@ų¢7-5-NT-(C)@mo‚ ‚ép(ando‚Š‚Ę‚Ā‚Ģp)n
@ų¢7-5-NT-(D)@ma(n) ‚ĢČ—Ŗn
@ų¢7-6-NT@m/ey/‚Ę”­‰¹‚³‚ź‚é a n
@ų¢7-7-NT@ma(n){‚`{‚mun
@ų¢7-8-NT-(A)@mthe ‚Ģ•p“xn
@ų¢7-8-NT-(B)@mdefinite ‚Ę‚Ķn
@ų¢7-8-NT-(C)@massociative anaphora: then
@ų¢7-8-NT-(D)@ma(n)/the/ƒÓ‚ĢŽg‚¢•Ŗ‚Ɓn
@ų¢7-8-NT-(E)@ma/the ‚Ķ Det ‚© ‚` ‚©n
@ų¢7-8-NT-(F)@mthe: stressed/unstressedn
@ų¢7-8-NT-(G)@mthe{‚`n
@ų¢7-8-NT-(H)@ma(n)/the ‚ĢČ—Ŗn
@ų¢7-9-NT-(A)@m‚mŠg[Žq:o•s’čp/o’čp/o”—Źp/oŽwŽ¦pn
@ų¢7-9-NT-(B)@mher ‚Ķ‚`‚©EPD‚©n
@ų¢7-10-NT@mlessn
@ų¢7-11-NT@m”äŠr‹‰^Åć‹‰‚šŽ‚½‚Č‚¢Œ`—eŽŒi‚`j^•›ŽŒi‚`‚cjn
@ų¢7-12-NT-(A)@m‚Q‚Ā‚Ģ‚m‚šģ—pˆę‚Ę‚·‚é and/given
@ų¢7-12-NT-(B)@mplus:‚`‚c/CVT/EPDn
@ų¢7-12-NT-(C)@m‚w and ‚x?‚x and ‚wn
@ų¢7-12-NT-(D)@mand ... respectivelyn
@LESSON 8@•›Œ`‘Ō‘f„Ÿ„Ÿ“]Š·Žqi‚b‚u‚sj
@ @ų¢8-1-NT@m‚¢‚ė‚¢‚ė‚Č“]Š·Žqn
@ų¢8-3-NT-(A)@mJapan's = Japanese = of Japann
@ų¢8-3-NT-(B)@m‚m|‚`“]Š·Žq:-'sn
@ų¢8-4-NT-(A)@m‚¢‚ķ‚ä‚é‘O’uŽŒ‚Ģ•p“xn
@ų¢8-4-NT-(B)@m‚o‚oHn
@ų¢8-4-NT-(C)@mdetermine(cf.Baker) ‚Ę introduce(cf.Lobeck)n
@ų¢8-4-NT-(D)@mN-A(D)“]Š·Žq‚ĢReanalysisn
@ų¢8-4-NT-(E)@mprep{‚m‚ĢA(D)‚Į‚Ū‚³‚Ģ“x‡‚¢n
@ų¢8-4-NT-(F)@mprep{‚m‚mHn
@ų¢8-4-NT-(G)@m‚`‚©‚`‚c‚©n
@ų¢8-6-NT@mcut(‚m)@vs@cut(‚u)n
@ų¢8-7-NT-(A)@m‚U‚Ā‚ĢŠī–{“I‚Č•¶–@ƒJƒeƒSƒŠ[n
@ų¢8-7-NT-(B)@m•›Œ`‘Ō‘f‚Ģ saliencyn
@ų¢8-7-NT-(C)@m•iŽŒ‚ĢƒJƒxn
@ų¢8-7-NT-(D)@m‚r‚Ģˆµ‚¢n
@‘ę‚h‚hĶ@•¶i‚rj
@LESSON 9@•¶‚ĘŒÄ‰ž
@ @ų¢9-1-NT-(A)@m•¶–@ƒJƒeƒSƒŠ[F•¶(‚r)n
@ų¢9-1-NT-(B)@m•¶(‚r)‚Ģ’č‹`n
@ų¢9-2-NT@m‚Q‚Ā‚ĢŽž§n
@ų¢9-3-NT@mŒÄ‰žiagreementjn
@ų¢9-4-NT@mPRS{‚ucomn
@ų¢9-5-NT-(A)@mPST+‚ucomn
@ų¢9-5-NT-(B)@m‰ß‹ŽŒ`‚ĢˆÓ–”n
@ų¢9-8-NT-(A)@m‚uŠg[ŽqoŒÄ‰žpFPRS/PSTn
@ų¢9-8-NT-(B)@m‚RŽķ—Ž‚ĢŒÄ‰žn
@ų¢9-8-NT-(C)@m•sŠ®‘S‚ČŒÄ‰žn
@LESSON 10@“®ŽŒŒ^
@ @ų¢10-1-NT-(A)@m“®ŽŒŒ^‚Ę‚Ķn
@ų¢10-1-NT-(B)@mŠ®Œ‹‚©–¢Š®Œ‹‚©n
@ų¢10-1-NT-(C)@mslot ‚Ģ”n
@ų¢10-2-NT-(A)@m‚n^‚b‚©‚m^A(D)‚©n
@ų¢10-2-NT-(B)@m‚n/‚b‚Å‚ą‚Č‚­‚m^A(D)‚Å‚ą‚Č‚¢semantic rolesn
@ų¢10-2-NT-(C)@mobligatory ‚`‚cn
@ų¢10-2-NT-(D)@m•¶Œ^‚©“®ŽŒŒ^‚©n
@ų¢10-2-NT-(E)@m‚V“®ŽŒŒ^‚Ģ–ā‘č“_n
@ų¢10-4-NT@m‘½Œ|‚Ģ“®ŽŒ‰»ŽqiVZjn
@LESSON 11@Ę‰ž
@ @ų¢11-1-NT-(A)@manaphoricn
@ų¢11-1-NT-(B)@m‚m/‚`/‚u/‚`‚c/‚r‚Ģd•”n
@ų¢11-1-NT-(C)@m“ƈź—v‘f‚Ģd•”Øiź‡‚É‚ę‚čj’Pƒ”½•œ^‚`‚m‚`Œ`^ķœiƒÓŒ`jn
@ų¢11-1-NT-(D)@męs–¼ŽŒ•s—v‚Ģ‚`‚m‚`Œ`i‚h‚Č‚Ējn
@ų¢11-1-NT-(E)@m‚SŽķ—Ž‚ĢƒÓF+/-d•”A+/-‹`–±“In
@ų¢11-2-NT-(A)@m”‚P and/or ”‚Q and/or ”‚Rn
@ų¢11-2-NT-(B)@md•”ƒ‹[ƒ‹”‚Q‚ʁ”‚R‚Ģģ—pˆęn
@ų¢11-3-NT-(A)@mlĢ‘ć–¼ŽŒ‚ĢŒė—pn
@ų¢11-3-NT-(B)@m‚m0‚ĢˆŹ’u Ø ŽåŠin
@ų¢11-3-NT-(C)@m‚`‚m‚`{‚m Ø •›Œ`‘Ō‘fHn
@ų¢11-4-NT-(A)@m-self/-selvesŒ`n
@ų¢11-4-NT-(B)@m-selfŒ`‚šŽg‚ķ‚Č‚¢ź‡n
@ų¢11-5-NT-(A)@mone/it/so/each othern
@ų¢11-5-NT-(B)@mƒÓ by ”‚Q or ”‚RHn
@ų¢11-5-NT-(C)@m‚`‚m‚`Œ`‚ʍģ—pˆę‚Ę‚Ģ•iŽŒ•„‡n
@ų¢11-6-NT-(A)@mŒć•ūĘ‰ž“Iicataphoricjni=backward anaphoraj
@ų¢11-6-NT-(B)@m‹ts”‚Ribackward ƒÓjHn
@‘ę‚h‚h‚hĶ@“®ŽŒ‚ĢŠg[
@LESSON 12@‚uŠg[Žq{–@«p:MOD(can‚Č‚Ē)
@ @ų¢12-1-NT-(A)@m–@(mood)‚Ę–@«(modality)n
@ų¢12-1-NT-(B)@mˆźŽŸ•“®ŽŒ‚Ę“ńŽŸ•“®ŽŒn
@ų¢12-1-NT-(C)@mExpand‚Ģ’č‹`n
@ų¢12-2-NT@m”\—Ķ/‹–‰Ā‚Ģcann
@ų¢12-3-NT-(A)@m‚Q‚Ā‚ĢŽž§n
@ų¢12-3-NT-(B)@mwill ‚ĢˆÓ–”‚Ę•p“xn
@ų¢12-3-NT-(C)@mŒ»ŻŒ`‚É‚ę‚é–¢—ˆ vs@will ‚É‚ę‚é–¢—ˆn
@ų¢12-3-NT-(D)@m—\’č‚Ģwilln
@ų¢12-4-NT-(A)@mmay ‚ĢˆÓ–”‚Ę•p“xn
@ų¢12-4-NT-(B)@m‚`‚c vs EPDn
@ų¢12-4-NT-(C)@m‰Ā”\«‚Ģ can ‚Ę mayn
@ų¢12-4-NT-(D)@m‹–‰Ā‚Ģ can ‚Ę mayn
@ų¢12-5-NT-(A)@mmust ‚ĢˆÓ–”‚Ę•p“xn
@ų¢12-5-NT-(B)@mmust ‚ĢžB–†«n
@ų¢12-6-NT-(A)@mshall/should ‚ĢˆÓ–”‚Ę•p“xn
@ų¢12-6-NT-(B)@mmusti‹­‚¢ŠmMj‚Ę shouldiŽć‚¢ŠmMjn
@ų¢12-6-NT-(C)@mshouldiŽåŠĻ“Ij‚Ę ought toi‹qŠĻ“Ijn
@ų¢12-7-NT@m”FŽÆ“I—p–@(epistemic use)‚Ę”ń”FŽÆ“I—p–@(non-epistemic use)n
@ų¢12-9-NT-(A)@mPRS/PST + MOD(non-epistemic)@vs@PRS/*PST + MOD(epistemic)n
@ų¢12-9-NT-(B)@mMOD(epistemic){have-en@vs@*MOD(non-epistmic){have-enn
@ų¢12-9-NT-(C)@mPST + MOD(epistemic) + ‚u == MOD(epistemic) + have-en + ‚un
@ų¢12-10-NT@mLOB CORPUS:RANK LISTn
@ų¢12-11-NT-(A)@m€‚uŠg[ŽqG‹[Ž—•“®ŽŒG”¼•“®ŽŒG€–@•“®ŽŒn
@ų¢12-11-NT-(B)@mwas/were able to(‰ß‹Ž‚Ģˆź‰ńŒĄ‚č‚Ģsˆ×)@vs@could(‰ß‹Ž‚Ģó‘Ō)n
@ų¢12-11-NT-(C)@mbe going toil‚ĢˆÓŽuj@vs@willi¶•ØE–³¶•Ø‚ĢˆÓŽujn
@ų¢12-11-NT-(D)@mused toi‹K‘„“IKŠµj@vs@wouldi•s‹K‘„“IKŠµjn
@ų¢12-11-NT-(E)@mhave to(‹qŠĻ“I‹`–±)@vs@must(ŽåŠĻ“I‹`–±)n
@ų¢12-11-NT-(F)@mbe to (‘ę‚RŽŅ‚Ŗ—§‚Ä‚½Žč”zĻ‚Ż‚ĢŒv‰ęn
@ų¢12-11-NT-(G)@mbe easy toFTough-constructionHEPDHn
@LESSON 13@‚uŠg[Žq{Š®—¹} :PERF(have-en)
@ @ų¢13-1-NT-(A)@m‘Š‚Ę‚Ķn
@ų¢13-1-NT-(B)@moŠ®—¹EŒoŒ±EŒp‘±iEŒ‹‰Źjp‚Ģ‚uŠg[Žqn
@ų¢13-1-NT-(C)@mŠ®—¹EŒoŒ±EŒp‘±—p–@‚Ę•›ŽŒn
@ų¢13-1-NT-(D)@m•s˜A‘±‚Ģ‚uŠg[Žq:have-en, be-ing, etc.n
@ų¢13-2-NT@mŒoŒ±‚Ģhas/have gonen
@ų¢13-3-NT-(A)@m‚uenŒ`‚ĘŠ®—¹/Žóg•ŖŽŒn
@ų¢13-3-NT-(B)@mŒ»ŻŒ`‚É‚ę‚é–¢—ˆ vs@will ‚É‚ę‚é–¢—ˆn
@ų¢13-4-NT-(A)@mPST + ‚u@vs@PRS + have-en + ‚un
@ų¢13-4-NT-(B)@mjust ‚Ę just now ‚Ę nown
@ų¢13-5-NT@mŽg—p•s‰Ā‚ĢPERF(have-en)n
@ų¢13-7-NT@mbefore/after‚ʉߋŽŠ®—¹(had Ven)n
@LESSON 14@‚uŠg[Žq{is} :PROG(be-ing)
@ @ų¢14-1-NT@m‚uŠg[Žq{is}ibe-ingjn
@ų¢14-2-NT@mis•ŖŽŒn
@ų¢14-3-NT-(A)@mis‘Š‚Ģ‚¢‚ė‚¢‚ė‚ČˆÓ–”n
@ų¢14-3-NT-(B)@mis‘Š‚ĢŠī–{“I‚ČˆÓ–”n
@ų¢14-3-NT-(C)@m˜bŽŅ‚ĢS“I‘Ō“xi•s–žEŠÖSE‹­’²j‚š•\‚·isŒ`n
@ų¢14-4-NT-(A)@m*PROG(be-ng) + ‚un
@ų¢14-4-NT-(B)@mķ‚ɐisŒ`‚Å—p‚¢‚ē‚ź‚é‚ą‚Ģn
@ų¢14-4-NT-(C)@misŒ`‚Ę‚Ę‚ą‚É‚ę‚­Žg‚ķ‚ź‚é/Žg‚ķ‚ź‚Č‚¢•›ŽŒ‹ån
@ų¢14-4-NT-(D)@mbe-ing  ˆźŽž“In
@LESSON 15@‚uŠg[Žq{Žóg} :PASS(be-en)
@ @ų¢15-1-NT-(A)@mƒAƒ‰ƒrƒAŒź‚ĢŽógn
@ų¢15-1-NT-(B)@m–Ą˜f‚ĢŽógn
@ų¢15-1-NT-(C)@mChomsky, N.‚É‚ę‚éŽógŒ`‚Ģ•ŖĶn
@ų¢15-3-NT-(A)@mŽógŒ`‚ĢŽw“±n
@ų¢15-3-NT-(B)@m‚SŽķ—Ž‚ĢƒÓn
@ų¢15-4-NT@mVZ + ‚m1{‚m2 Œ^“®ŽŒ‚ĢŽógŒ`n
@ų¢15-5-NT-(A)@mValency:‘ģAAllertonn
@ų¢15-5-NT-(B)@mƒfƒNƒ‰[ƒNA‹v–ģA‚Œ©ABolinger ‚Ģ‰¼ąn
@ų¢15-5-NT-(D)@mˆÓ–”Ši‚©‚ēŒ©‚½Žó“®‰Ā”\«n
@ų¢15-6-NT-(A)@mŽógŒ`‚Ģƒ‚ƒ`ƒx|ƒVƒ‡ƒ“n
@ų¢15-6-NT-(B)@magentless passivesn
@ų¢15-7-NT@mbe ‚uen:ó‘Ō‚©“®ģ‚©n
@ų¢15-8-NT@mby@vs@in/at/to/etc.n
@ų¢15-9-NT@m“®ŽŒ‹å‚ĢŽógŒ`n
@ų¢15-10-NT-(A)@mthere\•¶‚ĢŽógŒ`n
@ų¢15-10-NT-(B)@mbe said to Vn
@LESSON 16@‚uŠg[Žq‚Ģ•”‡Œ`F(MOD){(PERF){(PROG){(PASS)
@ @ų¢16-1-NT-(A)@m‚uŠg[Žq‚Ģ•”‡Œ`n
@ų¢16-1-NT-(B)@mBache ‚Ģ•ŖĶn
@ų¢16-3-NT-(A)@m“ś–{Œź‚Ģ•”‡‚uŠg[Œ`n
@ų¢16-3-NT-(B)@m•”‡‚uŠg[Žq‚Ģ‡˜n
@ų¢16-3-NT-(C)@mˆź”Ź“I‚Å‚Č‚¢•”‡‚uŠg[Œ`n
@ų¢16-3-NT-(D)@mŒp‘±‚Ģhave ‚uen@vs@have been ‚uingn
@ų¢16-3-NT-(E)@m•”‡‚uŠg[Žq‚Ģ’†‚Ģ€‚uŠg[Žqn
@‘ę‚h‚uĶ@•¶‚ĢŠg[
@LESSON 17@‹­’²•¶FEMPH-‚r
@ @ų¢17-1-NT-(A)@mŠī–{•¶iK-Sjn
@ų¢17-1-NT-(B)@m‹­’²•¶(EMPH-S)n
@ų¢17-1-NT-(C)@mŠī–{•¶/‹­’²•¶‚ĢƒCƒ“ƒgƒl[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“n
@ų¢17-1-NT-(D)@mƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒgi‹­’²j‚Ķƒsƒbƒ`B‹­Ø(ƒXƒgƒŒƒX)‚Å‚Ķ‚Č‚¢n
@ų¢17-1-NT-(E)@m‹­’²F‘Ī”ä‚©ŠÖSEŠ“’Q‚©n
@ų¢17-2-NT@mAllen, R.L. ‚Ģ X Sectorn
@ų¢17-3-NT-(A)@mƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒgˆŚ“®Hn
@ų¢17-3-NT-(B)@m‹­’²‚Ģ‘€ģn
@ų¢17-4-NT-(A)@mƒIƒyƒŒ[ƒ^[ioperatorj‚Ę‚Ķn
@ų¢17-4-NT-(B)@m‰IŒ¾“Ido‚Ģ‹NŒ¹FŽg–š‚Ģdon
@ų¢17-5-NT-(A)@mEMPH ‚Ģģ—pˆęn
@ų¢17-5-NT-(B)@mHAVE-EN‚É‹­ØFŒoŒ±n
@ų¢17-5-NT-(C)@mTaglichit ‚Ģ focus markern
@LESSON 18@”Ū’蕶FEMPH-NEG-S/NEG-‚r
@ @ų¢18-1-NT@m•¶Cü—v‘fiSMj‚Ę‚µ‚Ä‚ĢNEGn
@ų¢18-3-NT@m”Ū’蕶Žw“±‚Ģ‚Ž‚Ā‚©‚µ‚³n
@ų¢18-5-NT@mƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒg‚ĢĮ‹Ž‚©ƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒg‚Ģ•¶––ˆŚ“®‚©n
@ų¢18-6-NT-(A)@m‘S•¶”Ū’č‚ĘŒź‹å”Ū’čn
@ų¢18-6-NT-(B)@mMOD{notF–@”Ū’č‚©–½‘č”Ū’č‚©n
@ų¢18-6-NT-(C)@m‘S•¶”Ū’čƒeƒXƒgn
@ų¢18-6-NT-(D)@mNEG ‚Ģģ—pˆę(scope)‚ĘƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒgn
@ų¢18-8-NT@mNegative Polarityn
@ų¢18-9-NT@mno:[emphatic]@vs@not:[nonemphaticn
@LESSON 19@YES/NO‹^–ā•¶FEMPH-Q-S/Q-S ‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢19-1-NT-(A)@mŒźi‚vj‚Ę•¶i‚rj‚Ģƒpƒ‰ƒŒƒŠƒYƒ€n
@ų¢19-1-NT-(B)@m•¶Cü—v‘fiSMj‚Ę‚µ‚Ä‚Ģ‚pn
@ų¢19-1-NT-(C)@m‚¢‚ė‚¢‚ė‚Č‹^–ā•¶n
@ų¢19-3-NT@m‚p“|’u‚ĶuŒšŒŻ“ü‚ź‘Ö‚¦v‚©uƒRƒs[viFuˆŚ“®vj‚©n
@ų¢19-5-NT-(A)@mƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒgĮ‹Ž‚ĘƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒg•¶––ˆŚ“®n
@ų¢19-5-NT-(B)@m‚p‚ĢƒCƒ“ƒgƒl[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“n
@ų¢19-5-NT-(C)@mHat Pattern/Suspension Bridgen
@ų¢19-5-NT-(D)@m‰ŗ~’²‚Ģ‚pn
@ų¢19-5-NT-(E)@mDo you ...? ‚Ę Have you ...?n
@ų¢19-5-NT-(F)@mought to ‚Ģ EMPHANEGA‚pn
@ų¢19-7-NT@mŠī–{•¶(K-S)‚©‚ē”Ū’č‹^–ā•¶(Q-NEG-S)‚ցn
@ų¢19-8-NT-(A)@muninverted questions:common but presumptuousn
@ų¢19-8-NT-(B)@mINF-Q ‚ĢƒCƒ“ƒgƒl[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“n
@LESSON 20@’Z•¶
@ @ų¢20-1-NT-(A)@mƒAƒNƒZƒ“ƒg‚šŽ‚½‚Č‚¢ƒIƒyƒŒ[ƒ^Hn
@ų¢20-1-NT-(B)@m*Yes, ... doesn't .../*No, ... does ...n
@ų¢20-1-NT-(C)@m”Ū’č‹^–ā•¶‚É‘Ī‚·‚éƒVƒ‡[ƒgEƒAƒ“ƒT[n
@ų¢20-2-NT@mŠµ—p“I‚ČƒVƒ‡[ƒgEƒAƒ“ƒT[: I am (not)n
@ų¢20-3-NT@m‚Ø‚¤‚Ž•Ō‚µ‹^–ā•¶iECHO-Q-Sjn
@ų¢20-4-NT-(A)@m•t‰Į‹^–ā•¶(tag question)‚Ģ’č‹`n
@ų¢20-4-NT-(B)@mƒZƒCƒEƒ`(Walrus)‚ĘƒƒjiAlligator)‚ĢƒQ|ƒ€n
@ų¢20-4-NT-(C)@m”ö‚Š‚ź(tag):”ń•W€Œ`(reduplicative)‚Ę•W€Œ`(reversal)n
@ų¢20-6-NT@m‚»‚Ģ‘¼‚Ģ Tagsn
@LESSON 21@WHŒn‹^–ā•¶FWH-ECHO-Q-S/INF-WH-Q-S/WH-Q-S ‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢21-1-NT@mRecapitulatory/Explicatory Wh-Echo-Q ‚Ę Declarative Wh-Qn
@ų¢21-3-NT@mWH-ECHO-Q•¶‚É‚Ø‚Æ‚éI-You Switchn
@ų¢21-4-NT-(A)@muninverted wh-questionsn
@ų¢21-4-NT-(B)@mWHŒź‚Ę‘Ī‰ž‚·‚ésome-Œźn
@ų¢21-4-NT-(C)@mINF-WH-Q“±“ü–@n
@ų¢21-4-NT-(D)@m‚Q‚ĀˆČć‚ĢWHŒźn
@ų¢21-4-NT-(E)@mwho ‚Ę whomn
@ų¢21-6-NT-(A)@mCelce-Murcia & Larsen-Freeman(1999)‚É‚ę‚éWh-Q•¶‚Ģģ‚č•ūn
@ų¢21-6-NT-(B)@mWH-Front Ø ‚p•t‰Į‚©A‚p•t‰ĮØ WH-Front ‚©n
@ų¢21-6-NT-(C)@mfocus of information ‚Ę focus of interestn
@ų¢21-6-NT-(D)@mVī•ńFŠī–{•¶‚Ģź‡‚Ę‹^–ā•¶‚Ģź‡n
@ų¢21-6-NT-(E)@mWH-Q•¶‚Ģ‰ŗ~’²n
@‘ę‚uĶ@“®ŽŒ‚Ģ“]Š·
@LESSON 22@‚m|‚`“]Š·ŽqiV-N CVT)Fto/-ing ‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢22-1-NT-(A)@mˆÓ–”“I‚É–³F‚Ģ to Hn
@ų¢22-1-NT-(B)@mto/-ing ‚É‚ę‚é“]Š·n
@ų¢22-1-NT-(C)@mto/-ing ˆČŠO‚Ģ‚u|‚m“]Š·Žqn
@ų¢22-3-NT-(A)@mto/-ing +‚u‚Ģ•”‡Šg[Œ` Ė ‚mn
@ų¢22-3-NT-(B)@mto not ‚un
@ų¢22-3-NT-(C)@m*to will ‚un
@ų¢22-3-NT-(D)@mto have ‚uenn
@ų¢22-3-NT-(E)@mto have to ‚un
@ų¢22-4-NT@m?why to ‚un
@ų¢22-5-NT-(A)@mfor ‚m to ‚un
@ų¢22-5-NT-(B)@md•”‚ʏd•”ƒ‹[ƒ‹”‚Rn
@ų¢22-5-NT-(C)@mto ‚u‚Ķ‚r‚©‚ē‚Å‚Ķ‚Č‚­‚u‚©‚ēn
@ų¢22-6-NT@mVZ{‚m@‚ʁ@VZ{‚m{‚mn
@ų¢22-7-NT-(A)@mforØƒÓ ‚Ę toØƒÓn
@ų¢22-7-NT-(B)@mfor to ‚un
@ų¢22-8-NT@m‚u|‚m“]Š·Žq(V-N CVT)F-ingn
@ų¢22-10-NT@m-ing{“®ŽŒi‚uj‚Ģ•”‡Šg[Œ` Ė ‚mn
@ų¢22-12-NT-(A)@m‚m's ‚uing ‚Ę ‚m ‚uingn
@ų¢22-12-NT-(B)@m‚m ‚uing‚Ģ‚ ‚¢‚Ü‚¢‚³n
@ų¢22-13-NT-(A)@m–¼ŽŒ“I—p–@‚Ģ to ‚u ‚Ę ‚uingn
@ų¢22-13-NT-(B)@mƒfƒNƒ‰[ƒN‚Ģ“®ŽŒŒ^•Ŗ—Žn
@ų¢22-13-NT-(C)@mSeeing is believing/To see is to believen
@LESSON 23@‚u|‚`‚c“]Š·ŽqiV-AD CVTj:to/-ing ‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢23-1-NT@mto ‚u‚Ģ•›ŽŒi‚`‚cj“I—p–@‚Ę‚»‚Ģ‘¼‚Ģ—p–@n
@ų¢23-2-NT-(A)@m•›ŽŒ“I to ‚u‚Ŗ•\‚·‚¢‚ė‚¢‚ė‚ČˆÓ–”n
@ų¢23-2-NT-(B)@mbe easy to ‚Ķ SEMI-MODn
@ų¢23-6-NT@m•›ŽŒ“I‚uing‚Ŗ•\‚·‚¢‚ė‚¢‚ė‚ČˆÓ–”n
@ų¢23-7-NT@m-ing + “®ŽŒ‚Ģ•”‡Šg[Œ` Ė ‚`‚cn
@ų¢23-8-NT@miwithj{‚m{‚uingn
@ų¢23-9-NT@mthere ‚Ģ‚m‚Į‚Ū‚³n
@ų¢23-10-NT@m‚u|‚`‚c“]Š·Žq(V-AD CVT)Fwhen/while...ingn
@ų¢23-11-NT@mbe busy in/ƒÓ preparing...n
@LESSON 24@‚u|‚`“]Š·ŽqiV-A CVT):to/-ing
@ @ų¢24-1-NT-(A)@m‚u|‚`“]Š·Žq(V-A CVT):ton
@ų¢24-1-NT-(B)@mŒ`—eŽŒ“I to ‚u‚ĢŒ`—eŽŒ‚Į‚Ū‚³n
@ų¢24-2-NT@mto{‚u‚Ģ•”‡Šg[Œ`@Ė@‚`n
@ų¢24-4-NT-(A)@m‚u|‚`“]Š·Žq(V-A CVT):-ingn
@ų¢24-4-NT-(B)@mŒ`—eŽŒ“I‚uing‚Ģ‘O’u(‰i‘±“I«Žæ)‚ĘŒć’u(ˆźŽž“I«Žæ)n
@ų¢24-4-NT-(C)@mŒ`—eŽŒ“I‚uing‚ŖŽ‚Āis‘Š‚ĢˆÓ–”n
@ų¢24-5-NT@m‚ ‚¢‚Ü‚¢‚Č‚uingn
@ų¢24-6-NT-(A)@m‚uen ‚Ķ ‚uingŒ`‚ĢˆźŽķn
@ų¢24-6-NT-(B)@m‚uenFoŽógpor {‰ß‹Ž/Š®—¹}n
@ų¢24-6-NT-(C)@m‚uenŒ`Œźœb‰»‚Ģ—¬‚źn
@‘ę‚u‚hĶ@•¶‚Ģ“]Š·
@LESSON 25@‚r|‚m“]Š·ŽqiS-N CVT]): that/if ‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢25-1-NT-(A)@m‚r|‚m“]Š·Žq(S-N CVT)Fthatn
@ų¢25-1-NT-(B)@mthat‚r‚m‚ĢŲ–¾n
@ų¢25-1-NT-(C)@mSubordinationi]‘®j‚Ę Embeddingi–„‚ߍž‚Żjn
@ų¢25-1-NT-(D)@mSeuren/Allen/Young/McCawley/Burton-Robertsn
@ų¢25-1-NT-(E)@m–„‚ߍž‚Ż‚Ģ”‚ʍ¶‰E‚Ģ•Ī‚čn
@ų¢25-1-NT-(F)@m–„‚ߍž‚Ż‚Ę‚k1”N—īn
@ų¢25-2-NT-(A)@mthatß‚Ģ‚m‚Į‚Ū‚³(NP-hood)n
@ų¢25-2-NT-(B)@m“`’B“®ŽŒ‚Ęthatßn
@ų¢25-2-NT-(C)@mFactive/Non-factive/Non-true ‚Ģ thatßn
@ų¢25-2-NT-(D)@mthat ß‚Ģ•p“xn
@ų¢25-3-NT-(A)@mI think ‚Ģ‚`‚c‚Į‚Ū‚³n
@ų¢25-3-NT-(B)@mthat ‚Ģ—L–³n
@ų¢25-4-NT@mwhether ‚Ę ifn
@ų¢25-5-NT@mthat ‚Ę whethern
@ų¢25-6-NT@mWHŒź‚Å‚Ķ‚¶‚Ü‚é‚mß‚Ģ¶¬n
@ų¢25-7-NT@m‚p•t‰Į‰šœ•s—Ē‚Ģ—įn
@ų¢25-8-NT@mWHŠ“’Q•¶‚Ģ“Ē‚Ż‚ĘWH‹^–ā•¶‚Ģ“Ē‚Żn
@LESSON 26@‚r|‚`‚c“]Š·Žq(S-AD CVT): because‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢26-1-NT@m‚r|‚`‚c“]Š·Žq(S-AD CVT)Fbecausen
@ų¢26-2-NT@m‚r|‚`‚c“]Š·Žq‚Ģ when ‚Ę ‚r|‚m“]Š·Žq‚Ģ whenn
@ų¢26-3-NT@m‚r|‚`‚c“]Š·Žq(Ś‘±ŽŒ)‚Ę‚m|‚`‚c“]Š·Žq(‘O’uŽŒ)n
@ų¢26-5-NT@m”ņ‚ѐĪ“]Š·Žqn
@ų¢26-6-NT-(A)@mSUBJ ‚Ķ‚rŠg[Žq‚©A‚`‚cŠg[Žq‚©n
@ų¢26-6-NT-(B)@m‰¼’č–@‚Ģ—šŽjn
@ų¢26-6-NT-(C)@mušŒv‚ʁu”ńŒ»ŽĄv‚Ģ‹ę•Ź‚Ā‚©‚Č‚¢ if ‚Ģ—įn
@ų¢26-8-NT@m‚`‚cß’†‚Ģo”ńŒ»ŽĄpn
@ų¢26-9-NT@mI wouldn't do such a thing.n
@LESSON 27@‚r|‚`“]Š·Žq(CVT[S-A]): that/which/who(m) ‚Č‚Ē
@ @ų¢27-1-NT-(A)@mŠÖŒW‘ć–¼ŽŒ‚Ģ’a¶n
@ų¢27-1-NT-(B)@mŠÖŒW‘ć–¼ŽŒ‚Ģthat ‚Ę–¼ŽŒß‚Ģ thatn
@ų¢27-1-NT-(C)@m‚Q•¶‡¬‚É‚ę‚éŠÖŒW‘ć–¼ŽŒ‚Ģ“±“ün
@ų¢27-2-NT-(A)@mArabic:ƒÓ‚š¶‚¶‚Č‚¢Œ`—eŽŒ‰»n
@ų¢27-2-NT-(B)@m‚r|‚`“]Š·Žq that ‚Ģ“­‚«n
@ų¢27-2-NT-(C)@m‚SŽķ—Ž‚Ģ‹`–±“I‚ČƒÓn
@ų¢27-2-NT-(D)@mƒÓŽw“±‚ĢˆÓ‹`‚Ę–ā‘č“_n
@ų¢27-3-NT-(A)@m‚r|‚`“]Š·Žq(ŠÖŒW‘ć–¼ŽŒj‚Ģ‘I‘šFthat/which/who(m)n
@ų¢27-3-NT-(B)@m“ƈź«”FŽÆil‚©•Ø‚©‚Č‚Ēj‚Ģ‚ ‚¢‚Ü‚¢‚³n
@ų¢27-3-NT-(C)@m‚r|‚`“]Š·Žq‚Ģwhich‚Č‚Ē‚Ę‚u|‚`“]Š·Žq‚Ģ to n
@ų¢27-4-NT@m§ŒĄ“I—p–@(restrictive)‚Ę”ń§ŒĄ“I—p–@(non-restrictive)n
@ų¢27-5-NT@m‚r|‚`“]Š·Žq‚ĢČ—Ŗiƒ[ƒŠÖŒWŽŒjn
@ų¢27-6-NT@mŠÖŒW‘ć–¼ŽŒ(‚m{CVT)‚Ģwhat‚Ę‹^–āŽŒ(EPD)‚Ģwhatn
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@ ŽQl•¶Œ£ˆź—— (BIBLIOGRAPHY)
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